How much do you know about drug abuse?
How much do you know about drug abuse?: If you want to know in detail about drug abuse, you are at the right place. Click here for drug rehab.
Effects and risks of drug use
Alcohol abuse and drug use are of particular concern in the world, which can lead to significant deterioration in people’s health, as well as incidents of violence or crime, changes in quality of life and serious social disorders. Visit this site for drug rehab.
Occurrence and effect
According to statistics from the World Health Organization (WHO), about 15 million people in the world are addicted to both illegal and prescription substances. However, only 10% of the affected population will receive treatment. Repeated drug use causes significant damage to a person’s sense of identity and vital purpose, leading to drug addiction and loss of independence. At other times, it causes significant brain and physical damage, affecting social, work and family functioning. And at the third moment it produces the complete downfall of the individual and his death.
Some opioids are heroin, methadone, oxycodone, tramadol, and morphine. Its abuse can cause respiratory depression, as its effects alter the functioning of the respiratory center located in the brain. This puts the person at considerable risk. As described by the WHO, an opioid overdose is a medical emergency characterized by three signs and symptoms, classified as the “triad of opioid overdose”. These are miosis (narrowed pupils), loss of consciousness and respiratory depression. The situation can worsen if individual opioids are mixed or mixed with alcohol.
Tendency to abuse various types of drugs
- Change humor and social interactions.
- Distort a person’s perception of what is or is not valuable.
- Encourage aggressive or criminal behavior.
- The risk of disease increases.
- Short and long term effects
Psychoactive substances directly affect neurons and glial cells, which can lead to brain death and damage to brain structure and vascularization. Drugs cause brain damage through vascular damage, in accessory cells and directly on neurons. The addict’s brain dies quickly, shrinks in volume, and so functions increasingly erratically.
These negative effects can also spread to the rest of the body, causing damage to the skin, endocrine, cardiovascular, liver and reproductive systems. The changes can be irreversible and fatal. For example, marijuana causes selective damage to the hippocampus, which affects attention and memory, as well as the limbic system, which predisposes to depressive and anxiety disorders. Alcohol damages the liver, leading to cirrhosis and liver failure, as well as global cortical damage at the brain level. On the other hand, cocaine produces vascular microinfarcts in the brain and can lead to heart attacks. The latter is a psychostimulant substance that activates dopamine receptors in the brain. So it acts directly in the mesolimbic reward circuit, producing euphoria, tachycardia, and an enhanced sense of reality.
In the long term, the brain adapts by sparing activity, reducing energy levels and enthusiasm, and the person remains in a persistent depressive lethargy that is only released when they consume again. This is overdone every time, just to stop feeling bad. On the other hand, drug use leads to a vicious cycle, as these substances create addiction and the desire to use them, resulting in withdrawal syndrome. Tachycardia and an expanded sense of reality. In the long term, the brain adapts by sparing activity, reducing energy levels and enthusiasm, and the person remains in a persistent depressive lethargy that is only released when they consume again.